Artificial hibernation/life-protective state induced by thiazoline-related innate fear odors

Tomohiko Matsuo, Tomoko Isosaka, Lijun Tang, Tomoyoshi Soga, Reiko Kobayakawa, Ko Kobayakawa

研究成果: Article査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)


Innate fear intimately connects to the life preservation in crises, although this relationships is not fully understood. Here, we report that presentation of a supernormal innate fear inducer 2-methyl-2-thiazoline (2MT), but not learned fear stimuli, induced robust systemic hypothermia/hypometabolism and suppressed aerobic metabolism via phosphorylation of pyruvate dehydrogenase, thereby enabling long-term survival in a lethal hypoxic environment. These responses exerted potent therapeutic effects in cutaneous and cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury models. In contrast to hibernation, 2MT stimulation accelerated glucose uptake in the brain and suppressed oxygen saturation in the blood. Whole-brain mapping and chemogenetic activation revealed that the sensory representation of 2MT orchestrates physiological responses via brain stem Sp5/NST to midbrain PBN pathway. 2MT, as a supernormal stimulus of innate fear, induced exaggerated, latent life-protective effects in mice. If this system is preserved in humans, it may be utilized to give rise to a new field: “sensory medicine.”

ジャーナルCommunications biology
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 12月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 農業および生物科学(全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 医学(その他)


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