Association of maternal obesity with growth of fetal fractional limb volume

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Background: Maternal obesity influences birth weight and newborn adiposity. Fetal fractional limb volume has recently been introduced as a useful parameter for the proxy of fetal adiposity. However, the association between maternal adiposity and the growth of fetal fractional limb volume has not been examined. Aims: To investigate the association of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI with the growth of fetal fractional limb volume. Study design: Prospective cohort study. Subjects: Women with singleton uncomplicated pregnancies enrolled between July 2017 and June 2020. Outcome measures: Fetal fractional limb volume was assessed between 20 and 40 weeks' gestation, measured as cylindrical limb volume based on 50 % of the total diaphysis length. The measured fractional limb volume at each gestational week were converted to z-scores based on a previous report. The association between pre-pregnancy BMI and fetal fractional limb volume was examined. Maternal age, parity, gestational weight gain and fetal sex were considered as potential confounding variables. Results: Ultrasound scans of 455 fractional arm volume and thigh volume were obtained. Fractional limb volume increased linearly until the second trimester of gestation, then increased exponentially in the third trimester. Maternal pre-pregnancy BMI was significantly correlated with z-scores of fractional arm volume and thigh volume across gestation. The post-hoc analysis showed the association between pre-pregnancy BMI and fractional arm volume was significant especially between 34 and 40 weeks. Conclusions: Maternal obesity influences the growth pattern of fetal fractional limb volume. Fractional arm volume may potentially provide a useful surrogate marker of fetal nutritional status in late gestation.

本文言語English
論文番号105990
ジャーナルEarly Human Development
191
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2024 4月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 小児科学、周産期医学および子どもの健康
  • 産婦人科学

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