Association of Potassium Level at Discharge with Long-Term Mortality in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure

on behalf of the West Tokyo Heart Failure (WET-HF) Registry Investigators

研究成果: Article査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Dyskalemia (hypokalemia and hyperkalemia) is a common comorbidity of heart failure (HF). Although dyskalemia is associated with poor prognosis, different prognostic impacts of hypo- and hyperkalemia remain vastly unclear. This study investigated the association of dyskalemia with prognosis in HF patients, especially the mode of death and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The multicenter study included 3398 patients hospitalized for HF. Patients were divided into three groups based on serum potassium levels at discharge: hypokalemia (<3.5 mEq/L; n = 115 (3.4%)), normokalemia (3.5–5.0 mEq/L; n = 2960 (87.1%)), and hyperkalemia (≥5.0 mEq/L; n = 323 (9.5%)). Two-year all-cause, cardiac, and non-cardiac mortality was evaluated. Association of serum potassium with two-year mortality demonstrated a U-shaped curve, with a worse prognosis for patients with hypokalemia. All-cause mortality at two-years did not differ among the three groups. Hypokalemia was associated with 2-year cardiac death (adjusted hazard ratio (HR), 2.60; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.20–5.64) in HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF; LVEF < 40%), but not in non-HFrEF. Regardless of LVEF, hyperkalemia was not independently associated with any mortality. Hypokalemia was independently associated with cardiac death, particularly in HFrEF patients. Such an association was not observed in hyperkalemia regardless of LVEF.

本文言語English
論文番号7358
ジャーナルJournal of Clinical Medicine
11
24
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 12月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 医学一般

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