Background: Ward pharmacists are required for the active implementation of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). This epidemiological study verified whether Japanese ward pharmacists contribute to improving the TDM implementation proportions of anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) agents using the large health insurance claims database. Methods: The patients who received intravenous anti-MRSA agents from April 2012 to March 2017 were enrolled. We defined ward pharmacy service as the "drug management and guidance fee"and/or "inpatient pharmaceutical services premium". In addition, implementation of TDM was identified by "the specific drug treatment management fee". We compared the proportions of TDM implementation for vancomycin (VCM), teicoplanin (TEIC), and arbekacin (ABK) in the ward and non-ward pharmacy service groups. To avoid confounding, the propensity score method was employed. Moreover, the clinical variables affecting TDM implementation in each anti-MRSA agent were analyzed by using a multiple logistic regression model. Results: The following number of patients were included in the study: VCM (n = 2138), TEIC (n = 596), and ABK (n = 142). After propensity score matching, the proportions of TDM implementation for VCM and TEIC were higher in the ward pharmacy service group than in the non-ward pharmacy service group (VCM: 69.2% vs 60.3%, TEIC: 51.4% vs 34.7%), while no significant difference was observed for ABK (21.2% vs 23.1%). As independent clinical variables affecting TDM implementation for VCM and TEIC, several clinical variables, including ward pharmacy services, were extracted. In contrast, no clinical variables were extracted for ABK. Conclusions: We found that the ward pharmacy service is associated with the active implementation of TDM for anti-MRSA agents, such as VCM and TEIC.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2020 8月 18|
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