This article describes the first total synthesis of luminamicin using a strategy combining chemical degradation with synthesis. Chemical degradation studies provided a sense of the inherent reactivity of the natural product, and deconstruction of the molecule gave rise to a key intermediate, which became the target for chemical synthesis. The core structure of the southern part of luminamicin was constructed by a 1,6-oxa-Michael reaction to form an oxa-bridged ring, followed by coupling with a functionalized organolithium species. Modified Shiina macrolactonization conditions forged the strained 10-membered lactone containing a tri-substituted olefin. Diastereoselective α-oxidation of the 10-membered lactone completed the center part to provide the key intermediate. Inspired by the degradation study, an unprecedented enol ether/maleic anhydride moiety was constructed with a one-pot chlorosulfide coupling and thiol β-elimination sequence. Finally, macrolactonization to the 14-membered ring in the presence of the highly electrophilic maleic anhydride moiety was accomplished using modified Mukaiyama reagents to complete the synthesis of luminamicin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)