Chemotactic behavior of egg mitochondria in response to sperm fusion in mice

Maki Iwai, Yuichirou Harada, Rinako Miyabayashi, Woojin Kang, Akihiro Nakamura, Natsuko Kawano, Yoshitaka Miyamoto, Mitsutoshi Yamada, Toshio Hamatani, Mami Miyado, Keiichi Yoshida, Hidekazu Saito, Mamoru Tanaka, Akihiro Umezawa, Kenji Miyado

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)


Mitochondria are the powerhouses of eukaryotic cells and their positioning contributes to fertilization and early developmental processes. We report that sperm fusion triggers Ca2+ oscillations and mitochondrial movement toward fused sperm (mitochondrial chemotaxis) in mouse eggs. Mitochondria functioned in Ca2+ storage and were colocalized with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) during Ca2+ oscillations. Mitochondria then moved toward the fused sperm. Sperm extracts lacking nuclei induced Ca2+ oscillations, but did not promote mitochondrial chemotaxis. Our results suggest that sperm fusion motivates Ca2+ oscillation-independent mitochondrial chemotaxis. This phenomenon indicates that egg mitochondria interact with sperm materials, presumably nuclear substances, and their network tethers egg and sperm nuclei at the early stage of zygote formation.

出版ステータスPublished - 2018 11月

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