Little is known about the influence of non-synonymous genetic variations in the organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1A2 on the transport kinetics of its substrate fexofenadine. Moreover, the pH-dependency of fexofenadine uptake also remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of genetic variants (Ile13Thr, Asn128Tyr, Glu172Asp, Ala187Thr, and Thr668Ser) on the OATP1A2-mediated uptake of fexofenadine at pH 6.3 and 7.4 and compare the pH dependency of OATP1A2-mediated uptake of fexofenadine and estrone 3-sulfate. The uptake clearances of 0.3 μM and 300 μM fexofenadine were compared with those of 0.3 μM and 300 μM estrone 3-sulfate at pH 6.3 and 7.4. Among the six variants examined, the Thr668Ser variant showed the highest fexofenadine uptake clearance (Vmax/Km); i.e., 4.53- and 6.28-fold higher uptake clearance than the wild type at pH 6.3 and 7.4, respectively. All variants exhibited significantly higher fexofenadine uptake at pH 6.3 than at pH 7.4. Compared with estrone 3-sulfate uptake, the uptake of 0.3 μM fexofenadine was less sensitive to pH. Our findings suggest that genetic variations in OATP1A2 may lead to altered intestinal absorption of fexofenadine, such as increased absorption in subjects bearing the Thr668Ser variant, which showed higher uptake activity.
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