Objectives:To evaluate corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in eyes with corneal scar after traumatic perforation and their correlation with visual acuity.Methods:This retrospective consecutive case study included 40 eyes of 40 consecutive patients (mean age, 39.2±21.6 years), treated for traumatic corneal perforation at Tokyo Dental College, and 18 normal control eyes. Higher-order aberrations of anterior and posterior corneal surfaces and total cornea were analyzed by swept-source optical coherence tomography. Correlations between corneal HOAs and visual acuity were analyzed.Results:Higher-order aberrations within 4-mm diameter were significantly larger in eyes with corneal perforation (anterior surface, 0.51±0.54 m; posterior surface, 0.20±0.14; and total cornea, 0.52±0.50) as compared to normal controls (0.10±0.02, 0.02±0.01, and 0.09±0.02, respectively; all P<0.001). Higher-order aberrations within 6-mm diameter were significantly larger in eyes with corneal perforation (anterior surface, 1.15±1.31; posterior surface, 0.31±0.23; and total cornea, 1.09±1.28) as compared to normal controls (0.21±0.06, 0.06±0.01, and 0.19±0.06, respectively; all P<0.001). The most common topography pattern observed was the minimal change pattern (37.5%), followed by asymmetric pattern (30.0%). Visual acuity significantly correlated with corneal HOAs (anterior surface: R=0.646, P<0.001; posterior surface: R=0.400, P=0.033; and total cornea: R=0.614, P<0.001).Conclusions:Corneal scar after traumatic perforations not only induces corneal opacity, but also increases corneal HOAs, which indicates a direct effect on visual acuity.
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