We designed three-dimensional (3D) photonic crystal (PC) waveguides by simultaneously introducing one acceptor-type and two donor-type line defects. The waveguides have an extremely large singlemode bandwidth, which covers more than 90% of the complete photonic band gap. The relatively large group velocity and the mode-field localization in the air core should prevent unintended nonlinear phenomena for ultra-short pulse propagation. These promising characteristics could only be achieved by using 3D PCs, which have the advantages of complete light confinement and no restrictions of the light cone.
ASJC Scopus subject areas