The paper describes a method for the transcutaneous monitoring of blood constituents. It combines the use of a suction effusion fluid (SEF) collecting technique with a silicon on sapphire/ion-sensitive field-effect transistor (SOS/ISFET) biosensor. SEF is directly collected by a weak evacuation through skin from which the stratum corneum has been removed. An SEF collecting cell with a stainless-steel mesh at the bottom is kept in a weak vacuum condition, and SEF is sucked up through the mesh and deposited in a reservoir above. An ISFET glucose sensor is able to detect glucose concentrations in very small SEF samples through the use of two small ISFETs and an immobilised enzyme membrane. The reliability of transcutaneously obtained SEF was first confirmed in an experiment using rabbits. A clinical analyser was used to determine levels of glucose, urea nitrogen and creatinine in SEF obtained transcutaneously; these results are compared with results obtained by the same analyser directly from sera. The ISFET glucose sensor was successfully tested on human subjects for the monitoring of blood glucose levels. During these tests, glucose level changes in the SEF followed acutal blood glucose level changes with a slight time delay. Results suggest the feasibility of non-invasive, transcutaneous monitoring of low molecular weight substances in the blood without the use of ordinary blood sampling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- コンピュータ サイエンスの応用