Iodine-containing formulations have been widely used to treat iodine deficiency and as antiseptics. Lecithin-bound iodine (LBI) has been approved to treat allergic diseases in Japan; however, its underlying mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we show that LBI ameliorated disease symptoms in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic rhinitis mouse model. LBI suppressed OVA-specific IgE production by attenuating germinal center (GC) reaction in the draining lymph nodes. The antiallergic effect of LBI is most likely attributed to increased serum iodine levels but not thyroid hormone levels. In vitro treatment of activated B cells with potassium iodide induced ferroptosis by increasing intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ferrous iron in a concentration-dependent manner. Accordingly, LBI diets increased ROS levels in GC B cells of the draining lymph nodes. This study suggests that iodine directly promotes ferroptosis in activated B cells and attenuates GC reactions, leading to the alleviation of allergic symptoms.
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