Differences in autonomic neural activity during exercise between the second and third trimesters of pregnancy

Akemi Nakagaki, Takayuki Inami, Tetsuji Minoura, Reizo Baba, Satoshi Iwase, Motohiko Sato

研究成果: Article査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)


Aim: To test the hypothesis that autonomic neural activity in pregnant women during exercise varies according to gestational age. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 20 healthy women in their second (n = 13) or third (n = 7) trimester of pregnancy. Incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed with an electromagnetic cycle ergometer. Heart rate variability was analyzed by frequency analysis software. Results: The low-frequency to high-frequency (LF/HF) ratio, an indicator of the sympathetic nervous system, was significantly higher in third trimester than in second trimester subjects (P < 0.05) at 1, 2, and 3 min of incremental exercise testing. In contrast, the HF/total power ratio, an indicator of rapidly acting parasympathetic activity, was significantly higher in second trimester than in third trimester subjects (P < 0.05) at 2 and 3 min. In addition, a negative correlation was found between gestational age and the ‘accumulation half-time’ of the LH/HF ratio, the time point at which the sum of the LF/HF ratio reached 50% of that accumulated in the total 6 min of exercise testing (r = −0.49, P = 0.028). Conclusions: The autonomic response to exercise in pregnant women differs between the second and third trimesters. These differences should be considered when prescribing exercise to pregnant women.

ジャーナルJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 8月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 産婦人科学


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