No clinical study has compared lung or lobe volumes on computed tomography (CT) between the supine and standing positions in patients with idiopathic lung fibrosis (IPF). This study aimed to compare lung and lobe volumes between the supine and standing positions and evaluate the correlations between the supine/standing lung volumes on CT and pulmonary function in patients with IPF. Twenty-three patients with IPF underwent a pulmonary function test and both low-dose conventional (supine position) and upright CT (standing position) during inspiration breath-holds. The volumes of the total lungs and lobes were larger in the standing than in the supine position in patients with IPF (all p < 0.05). Spearman's correlation coefficients between total lung volumes on chest CT in supine/standing positions and vital capacity (VC) or forced VC (FVC) were 0.61/0.79 or 0.64/0.80, respectively. CT-based volumes on upright CT were better correlated with VC and FVC than those on supine CT. Lung and lobe volumes in the standing position may be useful biomarkers to assess disease severity or therapeutic effect in patients with IPF.
ASJC Scopus subject areas