For continuous functions, midpoint convexity characterizes convex functions. By considering discrete versions of midpoint convexity, several types of discrete convexities of functions, including integral convexity, L♮-convexity and global/local discrete midpoint convexity, have been studied. We propose a new type of discrete midpoint convexity that lies between L♮-convexity and integral convexity and is independent of global/local discrete midpoint convexity. The new convexity, named DDM-convexity, has nice properties satisfied by L♮-convexity and global/local discrete midpoint convexity. DDM-convex functions are stable under scaling, satisfy the so-called parallelogram inequality and a proximity theorem with the same small proximity bound as that for L♮-convex functions. Several characterizations of DDM-convexity are given and algorithms for DDM-convex function minimization are developed. We also propose DDM-convexity in continuous variables and give proximity theorems on these functions.
|ジャーナル||Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2021 2月|
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