Divergent Routes toward Wnt and R-spondin Niche Independency during Human Gastric Carcinogenesis

Kosaku Nanki, Kohta Toshimitsu, Ai Takano, Masayuki Fujii, Mariko Shimokawa, Yuki Ohta, Mami Matano, Takashi Seino, Shingo Nishikori, Keiko Ishikawa, Kenta Kawasaki, Kazuhiro Togasaki, Sirirat Takahashi, Yasutaka Sukawa, Hiroki Ishida, Shinya Sugimoto, Hirofumi Kawakubo, Jihoon Kim, Yuko Kitagawa, Shigeki SekineBon Kyoung Koo, Takanori Kanai, Toshiro Sato

研究成果: Article査読

194 被引用数 (Scopus)


Recent sequencing analyses have shed light on heterogeneous patterns of genomic aberrations in human gastric cancers (GCs). To explore how individual genetic events translate into cancer phenotypes, we established a biological library consisting of genetically engineered gastric organoids carrying various GC mutations and 37 patient-derived organoid lines, including rare genomically stable GCs. Phenotype analyses of GC organoids revealed divergent genetic and epigenetic routes to gain Wnt and R-spondin niche independency. An unbiased phenotype-based genetic screening identified a significant association between CDH1/TP53 compound mutations and the R-spondin independency that was functionally validated by CRISPR-based knockout. Xenografting of GC organoids further established the feasibility of Wnt-targeting therapy for Wnt-dependent GCs. Our results collectively demonstrate that multifaceted genetic abnormalities render human GCs independent of the stem cell niche and highlight the validity of the genotype-phenotype screening strategy in gaining deeper understanding of human cancers. Generation and analysis of a human gastric cancer organoid bank reveal insights into molecular features underlying diverse histopathological subtypes and tumor independence from Wnt signals.

出版ステータスPublished - 2018 8月 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)


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