Double aromaticity arising from σ- and π-rings

Shunsuke Furukawa, Masahiro Fujita, Yoshihiko Kanatomi, Mao Minoura, Miho Hatanaka, Keiji Morokuma, Kazuya Ishimura, Masaichi Saito

研究成果: Article査読

41 被引用数 (Scopus)


Aromaticity has been a central concept in chemistry since the discovery of benzene in the 19th century and has impacted the science of delocalized π-electron systems. The aromaticity of conventional aromatic compounds usually originates from electron delocalization through a single ring that consists of π-symmetric orbitals. Although double aromaticity, i.e. aromaticity composed of two circularly delocalized orbitals, has been theoretically predicted for over 20 years, the double aromaticity of a bench-stable compound is not well explored by experiment. Here we report the synthesis and isolation of the dication of hexakis(phenylselenyl)benzene, as well as its double aromaticity based on structural, energetic, and magnetic criteria. In this dication, cyclic σ-symmetric and π-symmetric delocalized orbitals are formally occupied by ten and six electrons, respectively, and the aromaticity thus follows the 4n + 2 (n = 1, 2,…) electron Hückel rule, regardless of the σ-orbital or π-orbital symmetry.

ジャーナルCommunications Chemistry
出版ステータスPublished - 2018 12月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学一般
  • 材料化学
  • 環境化学
  • 生化学


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