Drainage pattern of the splenic flexure vein and its accompanying arteries using three-dimensional computed tomography angiography: a single-centre study of 600 patients

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Aim: The splenic flexure has variable vascular anatomy, and the details of the venous forms are not known. In this study, we report the flow pattern of the splenic flexure vein (SFV) and the positional relationship between the SFV and arteries such as the accessory middle colic artery (AMCA). Methods: This was a single-centre study using preoperative enhanced CT colonography images of 600 colorectal surgery patients. CT images were reconstructed into 3D angiography. SFV was defined as a vein flowing centrally from the marginal vein of the splenic flexure visible on CT. AMCA was defined as the artery feeding the left side of the transverse colon, separate from the left branch of the middle colic artery. Results: The SFV returned to the inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) in 494 cases (82.3%), the superior mesenteric vein in 51 cases (8.5%) and the splenic vein in seven cases (1.2%). The AMCA was present in 244 cases (40.7%). The AMCA branched from the superior mesenteric artery or its branches in 227 cases (93.0% of cases with existing AMCA). In the 552 cases in which the SFV returned to the IMV, superior mesenteric vein or splenic vein, the left colic artery was the most frequent artery accompanying the SFV (42.2%), followed by the AMCA (38.1%) and the left branch of the middle colic artery (14.3%). Conclusions: The most common flow pattern of the vein in the splenic flexure is from the SFV to IMV. The SFV is frequently accompanied by the left colic artery or AMCA.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1679-1685
ページ数7
ジャーナルColorectal Disease
25
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2023 8月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 消化器病学

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