Aims: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of switching to insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) from insulin glargine 100 U/mL (Gla-100) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Methods: This was a 12-month retrospective study comprising 109 patients. Primary endpoint was glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level at month 12. Secondary endpoints were hypoglycemia for the overall study period as well as body weight and insulin dose at month 12. Results: Similar glycemic control was achieved with mean (standard deviation) HbA1c level of 7.7 (1.1)% (61  mmol/mol) at baseline and 7.7 (1.3)% (61  mmol/mol) at month 12. Fewer confirmed (<3.0 mmol/L [< 54 mg/dL]) or severe hypoglycemic events were observed (0.52 vs. 0.85 events per patient-year; rate ratio 0.61; 95% confidence interval 0.38–0.97; p = 0.037), but the percent of patients experiencing ≥1 hypoglycemic event did not differ. There was no difference in confirmed (≤3.9 mmol/L [≤ 70 mg/dL]) or severe hypoglycemia and nocturnal hypoglycemia. Conclusions: In Japanese patients with T2DM who switched to Gla-300 from Gla-100, similar glycemic control was achieved with fewer confirmed (<3.0 mmol/L [< 54 mg/dL]) or severe hypoglycemic events over a 12-month period, although the absolute benefit was marginal.
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