Enhanced memory for the wolf in sheep's clothing: Facial trustworthiness modulates face-trait associative memory

Atsunobu Suzuki, Sayaka Suga

研究成果: Article査読

63 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Our decision about whether to trust and cooperate with someone is influenced by the individual's facial appearance despite its limited predictive power. Thus, remembering trustworthy-looking cheaters is more important than remembering untrustworthy-looking cheaters because we are more likely to trust and cooperate with the former, resulting in a higher risk of unreciprocated cooperation. The present study investigated whether our mind adaptively copes with this problem by enhancing memory for trustworthy-looking cheaters. Participants played a debt game, wherein they learned to discriminate among good, neutral, and bad lenders, who respectively charged no, moderate, and high interest on the debt. Each lender had either a trustworthy- or untrustworthy-looking face. A subsequent memory test revealed that participants remembered the bad traits of trustworthy-looking lenders more accurately than those of untrustworthy-looking lenders. The results demonstrate enhanced memory for trustworthy-looking cheaters, or wolves in sheep's clothing, implying that humans are equipped with protective mechanisms against disguised, unfaithful signs of trustworthiness.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)224-229
ページ数6
ジャーナルCognition
117
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 11月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 言語および言語学
  • 実験心理学および認知心理学
  • 発達心理学および教育心理学
  • 言語学および言語
  • 認知神経科学

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