A hepatic crown-like structure (hCLS) formed by macrophages accumulating around lipid droplets and dead cells in the liver is a unique feature of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) that triggers progression of liver fibrosis. As hCLS plays a key role in the progression of NASH fibrosis, hCLS formation has emerged as a potential therapeutic target. n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have potential suppressive effects on NASH fibrosis; however, the mechanisms underlying this effect are poorly understood. Here, we report that n-3 PUFA-enriched Fat-1 transgenic mice are resistant to hCLS formation and liver fibrosis in a NASH model induced by a combination of high-fat diet, CCl4 and a Liver X receptor (LXR) agonist. Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry-based mediator lipidomics revealed that the amount of endogenous n-3 PUFA-derived metabolites, such as 17,18-dihydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (17,18-diHETE), and 19,20-epoxy docosapentaenoic acid (19,20-EpDPE), was significantly elevated in Fat-1 mice, along with hCLS formation. In particular, DHA-derived 19,20-EpDPE produced by Cyp4f18 attenuated the hCLS formation and liver fibrosis in a G protein-coupled receptor 120 (GPR120)-dependent manner. These results indicated that 19,20-EpDPE is an endogenous active metabolite that mediates the preventive effect of n-3 PUFAs against NASH fibrosis.
|ジャーナル||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2023 3月|
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