Estradiol enhanced neuronal plasticity and ameliorated astrogliosis in human iPSC-derived neural models

Sopak Supakul, Chisato Oyama, Yuki Hatakeyama, Sumihiro Maeda, Hideyuki Okano

研究成果: Article査読


Introduction: 17β-Estradiol (E2) is a sex hormone that has been previously demonstrated to have neurotherapeutic effects on animal models of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, clinical trials on E2 replacement therapy for preventing AD onset yielded inconsistent results. Therefore, it is imperative to clarify the therapeutic effects of E2 on human cells. In this study, we utilized induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from multiple AD donors to explore the therapeutic effects of E2 on the in vitro model of human cells. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis using a random-effects model of the previously reported AD clinical trials to summarize the effects of E2 replacement therapy on AD prevention. Subsequently, we induced iPSCs from the donors of the healthy control (1210B2 line (female) and 201B7 line (female)), the familial AD (APP V717L line (female) and APP KM670/671NL line (female)), and the sporadic AD (UCSD-SAD3.7 line (APOE ε3/ε3) (male), UCSD-SAD7D line (APOE ε3/ε4) (male), and TMGH-1 line (APOE ε3/ε3) (female)), then differentiated to neurons. In addition to the mono-culture model of the neurons, we also examined the effects of E2 on the co-culture model of neurons and astrocytes. Results: The meta-analysis of the clinical trials concluded that E2 replacement therapy reduced the risk of AD onset (OR, 0.69; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 0.53–0.91; I2 = 82 %). Neural models from the iPSCs of AD donors showed an increase in secreted amyloid-beta (Aβ) levels in the mono-culture model and an astrogliosis-like phenotype in the co-culture model. E2 treatment to the neuronal models derived from the iPSCs enhanced neuronal activity and increased neurite complexity. Furthermore, E2 treatment of the co-culture model ameliorated the astrogliosis-like phenotype. However, in contrast to the previous reports using mouse models, E2 treatment did not change AD pathogenesis, including Aβ secretion and phosphorylated tau (pTau) accumulation. Conclusion: E2 treatment of the human cellular model did not impact Aβ secretion and pTau accumulation, but promoted neuronal plasticity and alleviated the astrogliosis-like phenotype. The limited effects of E2 may give a clue for the mixed results of E2 clinical trials.

ジャーナルRegenerative Therapy
出版ステータスPublished - 2024 3月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生体材料
  • 生体医工学
  • 発生生物学


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