Clinical practice guidelines for gynecologic cancers have been published by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network and the National Cancer Institute. Whereas these guidelines form the basis for the standard of care for gynecologic malignancies in the United States, it has proven difficult to institute them in Japan due to differences in patient characteristics, health-care delivery systems, and insurance programs. Therefore, evidence-based guidelines for treating cervical cancer specifically in Japan have been under development. The Guidelines Formulation Committee and Evaluation Committee were independently established within the Committee for Treatment Guidelines for Cervical Cancer. Opinions from within and outside the Japan Society of Gynecologic Oncology (JSGO) were incorporated into the final draft, and the guidelines were published after approval by the JSGO. These guidelines are composed of ten chapters and comprise three algorithms. Each chapter consists of a clinical question, recommendations, background, objectives, explanations, and references. The objective of these guidelines is to clearly delineate the standard of care for cervical cancer treatment in Japan in order to ensure equitable care for all Japanese women diagnosed with cervical cancer.
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