Background: A standard treatment method for pedunculated duodenal lesions has not yet been established. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of endoscopic resection (ER) for pedunculated duodenal lesions, especially for large lesions. Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed cases of pedunculated duodenal lesions treated with ER at our institute between July 2010 and January 2021. We collected data on the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes. In addition, the cases were divided based on the treatment provided for the lesion, i.e., the ESD and snare resection groups, and we compared the data between the two groups. Results: Thirty-eight cases were included in this study. The overall en bloc resection rate was 95%. No perforation occurred in any of the cases. There were 10 cases treated with ESD, which were considered difficult to achieve en bloc resection using snare forceps, and 28 cases treated with snare resection. Although the median lesion size was significantly larger in the ESD group than in the snare resection group (27 [range 23–66] vs. 19 [range 6–55] mm, P = 0.0052), treatment outcomes were not significantly different between the two groups. Among the 10 cases treated using ESD, en bloc resection was achieved in all cases, along with specimen retrieval without any perforations, despite the large size of the lesions. Conclusion: ER could be performed to achieve a high en bloc resection rate without any perforations in pedunculated duodenal lesions, even in extremely large (e.g., ≧ 60 mm) lesions, suggesting that ER is feasible and may be an alternative to surgical resection for large pedunculated duodenal lesions.
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