Bandwidth characteristics of the large core graded index polymer optical fiber (GI-POF) are theoretically and experimentally clarified in this paper. The refractive index profile of the GI-POF was controlled by the interfacial-gel polymerization to investigate the relation between the index profile and the bandwidth characteristics. It was experimentally confirmed that the maximum bandwidth of the poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) base GI-POF is at most 3 GHz for 100 m transmission with using the typical laser diode emitting at 650-nm wavelength (3 nm source spectral width) when its refractive index profile is optimized. The maximum bandwidth theoretically estimated by considering both modal and material dispersions is approximately 3 GHz which is exactly the same as the measured value, while higher than 10 GHz for 100 m was expected if only modal dispersion was taken into account. The optimum refractive index profile of the PMMA base GI-POF is theoretically and experimentally clarified by further considering the profile dispersion.
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