A growth-promoting factor (GPF) that promotes the growth of Entamoeba dispar under axenic culture conditions was found in fractions of mitochondria (Mt), hydrogenosomes (Hg) and chloroplasts (Cp) obtained from cells of six different protozoan, mammalian and plant species. We were able to extract the GPF from the Cp-rich leaf cells of a plant (spiderwort: Commelina communis L.) in an acetone-soluble fraction as a complex of chlorophyll with low molecular weight proteins (molecular weight [MW] approximately 4,600). We also found that on treatment with 0.6 % complexes of 2-mercapthoethonol (2ME), complexes of chlorophyll-a with iron-sulphur (Fe-S) proteins (e.g., ferredoxins [Fd] from spinach and Clostridium pasteurianum) and noncomplex rubredoxin (Rd) from C. pasteurianum have a growth-promoting effect on E. dispar. These findings suggest that E. dispar may lack a sufficient quantity of some essential components of Fe-S proteins, such as Fe-S center.
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