The n-BuOH extract of Swertia japonica showed a significant hepatoprotective effect on D-galactosamine (D-GalN)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced liver injury in mice. The activity-guided fractionation led to the isolation of a new tetrahydroxanthone derivative, tetrahydroswertianolin (1), as well as two known iridoids, gentiopicroside (2) and sweroside (3). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and chemical reactions. Of the three compounds, 2 and 3 possessed mild hepatoprotective activity at a dose range of 2550 mg/kg, whereas, 1 exhibited potent activity in a dose-dependent manner. The hepatoprotective effect of tetrahydroswertianolin (1) was stronger than that of glycyrrhizin which was used as a positive control.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)