Colorectal cancer is one of the top three causes of cancer-related mortality globally, but no predictive molecular biomarkers are currently available for identifying the disease stage of colorectal cancer patients. Common molecular patterns in the disease, beyond superficial manifestations, can be significant in determining treatment choices. In this study, we used microarray data from colorectal cancer and adjacent normal tissue from the GEO database. These data were categorized into four consensus molecular subtypes based on distinct gene expression signatures. Weighted gene-based protein–protein interaction network analysis was performed for each subtype. NUSAP1, CD44, and COL4A1 modules were found to be statistically significant and present among all the subtypes and displayed though similar but not identical functional enrichment results. Reference of the characteristics of the subtypes to functional modules is necessary since the latter can stay resistant to platform changes and technique noise when compared with other analyses. The CMS4-mesenchy-mal group, which currently has a poor prognosis, was examined in the study. It is composed mainly of genes involved in immune and stromal expression, with modules focused on ECM dysregulation and chemokine biological processes. Hub genes detection and its’ mapping into the protein–protein interaction network can be indicative of possible targets against specific modules. This approach identified subtypes using enrichment-oriented analysis in functional modules. Proper annotation of functional analysis of modules from different subtypes of CRC might be directive for finding extra options for treatment targets and guiding clinical routines.
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