Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the number and short-term outcomes in hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma: Results from the Japanese National Clinical Database, 2018–2021

Yusuke Takemura, Hideki Endo, Taizo Hibi, Yutaka Nakano, Ryo Seishima, Masashi Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Hiromichi Maeda, Kazuhiro Hanazaki, Akinobu Taketomi, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Yasuyuki Seto, Hideki Ueno, Masaki Mori, Yuko Kitagawa

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Aim: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has significantly impacted the allocation of medical resources, including cancer screening, diagnosis, and treatment. We aimed to investigate the effects of the pandemic on morbidity and mortality following hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: We identified patients who underwent hepatectomy for HCC between 2018 and 2021 from the Japanese National Clinical Database (NCD). The number of surgical cases, the use of intensive care units, and the incidence of morbidity were assessed. The standardized morbidity / mortality ratio (SMR) was used to evaluate the rates of morbidity (bile leakage and pneumonia) and mortality in each month, which compares the observed incidence to the expected incidence calculated by the NCD's risk calculator. Results: The study included a total of 10 647 cases. The number of patients undergoing hepatectomy for HCC gradually decreased. The proportion of patients aged 80 years or older increased and that of cases with T1 stage decreased. The proportion of patients who were admitted to the intensive care unit did not change between the pre- and postpandemic period. The mean actual incidence rates of bile leakage, pneumonia, 30-day mortality, and surgical mortality were 9.2%, 2.3%, 1.4%, and 2.1%, respectively. The SMR for the mortalities and morbidities in each month did not increase mostly throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusions: The present study showed the decreasing number of resected cases for HCC, while the surgical safety for hepatectomy was enough to be maintained by managing medical resources in Japan.

本文言語English
ジャーナルHepatology Research
DOI
出版ステータスAccepted/In press - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 肝臓学
  • 感染症

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