O-GalNAcα-modified proteins are the precursor of mucin-type O-glycosylated proteins. Homogeneously O-glycosylated proteins are required to investigate the biological functions of glycoproteins and to develop biopharmaceuticals. Here we show that the incorporation of GalNAcα-Thr into proteins successfully proceeded by the use of a chemically aminoacylated tRNA. GalNAcα-Thr was chemoenzymatically attached to amber suppressor tRNA and the product was subjected to in vitro translation together with streptavidin mRNA containing the UAG codon. Gel electrophoresis and mass analysis showed that GalNAcα-Thr was successfully incorporated into the N-terminus, although it was not incorporated at the interior. This method will facilitate the preparation of homogeneous GalNAcα-proteins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas