Inhibition of intracellular ATP synthesis impairs the recruitment of homologous recombination factors after ionizing radiation

Ryota Hayashi, Hikaru Okumura, Mayu Isono, Motohiro Yamauchi, Daiki Unami, Rahmartani Tania Lusi, Masamichi Yamamoto, Yu Kato, Yuki Uchihara, Atsushi Shibata

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Ionizing radiation (IR)-induced double-strand breaks (DSBs) are primarily repaired by non-homologous end joining or homologous recombination (HR) in human cells. DSB repair requires adenosine-5′-triphosphate (ATP) for protein kinase activities in the multiple steps of DSB repair, such as DNA ligation, chromatin remodeling, and DNA damage signaling via protein kinase and ATPase activities. To investigate whether low ATP culture conditions affect the recruitment of repair proteins at DSB sites, IR-induced foci were examined in the presence of ATP synthesis inhibitors. We found that p53 binding protein 1 foci formation was modestly reduced under low ATP conditions after IR, although phosphorylated histone H2AX and mediator of DNA damage checkpoint 1 foci formation were not impaired. Next, we examined the foci formation of breast cancer susceptibility gene I (BRCA1), replication protein A (RPA) and radiation 51 (RAD51), which are HR factors, in G2 phase cells following IR. Interestingly, BRCA1 and RPA foci in the G2 phase were significantly reduced under low ATP conditions compared to that under normal culture conditions. Notably, RAD51 foci were drastically impaired under low ATP conditions. These results suggest that HR does not effectively progress under low ATP conditions; in particular, ATP shortages impair downstream steps in HR, such as RAD51 loading. Taken together, these results suggest that the maintenance of cellular ATP levels is critical for DNA damage response and HR progression after IR.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)263-271
ページ数9
ジャーナルJournal of radiation research
65
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2024 5月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 医学一般

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