Inostamycin is an inhibitor of cytidine 5′-diphosphate 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol (CDP-DG): inositol transferase. It significantly reduced epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced in vitro invasion of the tongue carcinoma cell line, HSC-4, through reconstituted basement membrane Matrigel®. Since phosphatidylinositol (PI) 4,5-biphosphate is important for signal transduction through protein kinase C and actin reorganisation, we further examined the effect of inostamycin on production of two matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), MMP-2 and -9, and on cell motility. Zymographic analysis showed that inostamycin suppressed pro-MMP-2 and pro-MMP-9 levels at a dose-dependent fashion, while MMP-2 activity was not significantly affected. By reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, it was found that inostamycin diminished steady state levels of MMP-2 and -9 but not membrane type 1-MMP mRNA expressions. Inostamycin partially blocked both EGF- and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-stimulated pro-MMP- 9 production. A cytoplasmic calcium chelator (BAPTA-AM) dramatically elevated pro- MMP-9 and slightly elevated pro-MMP-2 secretions. EGF-stimulated motility of HSC-4 cells was suppressed by inostamycin treatment along with reduction of actin cytoskeletal reorganisation, filopodia formation and cdc42 expression. These results suggested that inostamycin would be useful for an anti-invasive agent in tongue cancer.
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