Investigation of the impact of COVID-19 on postoperative outcomes using a nationwide Japanese database of patients undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and low anterior resection for gastric cancer and rectal cancer

Tomonori Akagi, Hideki Endo, Masafumi Inomata, Hidefumi Shiroshita, Shigeki Yamaguchi, Susumu Eguchi, Norihito Wada, Yukinori Kurokawa, Yosuke Seki, Yoshiharu Sakai, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Yuko Kitagawa, Akinobu Taketomi, Masaki Mori

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Background: The COVID-19 outbreak made conventional medical care impossible, forcing changes in both healthcare providers and patients. In Japan, COVID-19 infection began spreading in earnest in 2020 and exploded in 2021. There was concern that the medical impact of COVID-19 in 2021 would differ from that in 2020. We aimed to clarify the impact of COVID-19 on mortality and anastomotic leakage in laparoscopic surgery for gastric cancer and rectal cancer in Japan using the National Clinical Database (NCD). Methods: We collected data from patients who underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) and laparoscopic low anterior resection (LLAR) from January 2018 to December 2021 from the NCD, a web-based surgical registration system in Japan. The number of surgical cases, monthly incidence of mortality and morbidity (anastomotic leakage), standardized mortality ratio (SMR), and standardized morbidity-leakage ratio (SMLR [ratio of observed patients to expected patients calculated using the risk calculator established in the NCD]) were evaluated. Results: The numbers of LDG and LLAR cases continued to decline in the first year of the pandemic in 2020 and were as low in 2021 as in 2020. Although the numbers of robot-assisted LDG and LLAR cases increased, the growth rate was lower than the rate of increase prior to the pandemic. Mortality and anastomotic leakage, two of the most important complications, as assessed by SMR and SMLR, did not worsen during the pandemic in comparison to the pre-pandemic period. Conclusions: Laparoscopic surgeries were performed safely in Japan and were not affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)521-529
ページ数9
ジャーナルAnnals of Gastroenterological Surgery
8
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2024 5月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 外科
  • 消化器病学

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