Although much less common than localized zoster, initial presentation of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) as visceral infection can occur especially after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We herein report a case of post-transplant visceral VZV infection presenting as fatal acute liver failure. It developed 4 years after allogeneic HSCT when a long-term prophylactic anti-VZV agent administration was discontinued. VZV should be listed as a causative pathogen of acute liver failure even years after allogeneic HSCT. Indication for, and duration of anti-VZV prophylaxis should be further investigated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas