In this paper, the theory, structure, design, and implementation of a new class of linear-phase paraunitary filter banks (LPPUFB's) are investigated. The novel filter banks with filters of different lengths can be viewed as the generalized lapped orthogonal transforms (GenLOT's) with variable-length basis functions. Our main motivation is the application in block-transform-based image coding. Besides having all of the attractive properties of other lapped orthogonal transforms, the new transform takes advantage of its long, overlapping basis functions to represent smooth signals in order to reduce blocking artifacts, whereas it reserves short basis functions for high-frequency signal components like edges and texture, thereby limiting ringing artifacts. Two design methods are presented, each with its own set of advantages: The first is based on a direct lattice factorization, and the second enforces certain relationships between the lattice coefficients to obtain variable length filters. Various necessary conditions for the existence of meaningful solutions are derived and discussed in both cases. Finally, several design and image coding examples are presented to confirm the validity of the theory.
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