Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder in children. Although animal models and human brain imaging studies indicate a significant role for glutamatergic dysfunction in ADHD, there is no direct evidence that glutamatergic dysfunction is sufficient to induce ADHD-like symptoms. The glial glutamate transporter GLT1 plays a critical role in glutamatergic neurotransmission. We report here the generation of mice expressing only 20% of normal levels of the GLT1. Unlike conventional GLT1 knockout mice, these mice survive to adulthood and exhibit ADHD-like phenotypes, including hyperactivity, impulsivity and impaired memory. These findings indicate that glutamatergic dysfunction due to GLT1 deficiency, a mechanism distinct from the dopaminergic deficit hypothesis of ADHD, underlies ADHD-like symptoms.
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - 2021 8月 27
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