Objectives: To clarify the priority given to periodical medical examination items among occupational physicians in Japan. Methods: Sixty-two occupational physicians who participated in this study selected statutory and non-statutory items within two types of budget plans: one lower (8,500 yen) than the total fee of statutory medical examinations (9,250 and 11,290 yen), and the other higher (12,000 yen) than the total fee. Medical fee points were used to set the cost of each medical examination item. A three round Delphi method was used from May to July 2016 to clarify the consensus opinion of occupational physicians. Results: The statutory items (selection rate: between 66 and 100%), except for waist circumference (15%) and sputum examination (0%), and serum creatinine (58%, non-statutory item ) were included in the smaller budget plan (8,500 yen) . In the larger budget plan (12,000 yen), the statutory items (selection rate: between 92 and 100%), except for waist circumference (39%) and sputum examination (0%), and some non-statutory items, namely serum creatinine (95%), leukocytes (92%), uric acid (89%), and fecal occult blood reaction (81%), had a selection rate over 80%. In addition, statutory items with higher accuracy were preferred, which included the following: air conduction pure-tone audiometry (92%), imaging diagnosis of thoracic X-ray examinations by a specialist (97%), glycated hemoglobin levels (98%), and electrocardiogram assessment by a specialist (100%). Conclusion: The statutory items, except for waist circumference and sputum examination, and some of the non-statutory items (e.g., serum creatinine ) were given higher priority among occupational physicians in Japan.
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