Novel retinoic acid, 9-cis retinoic acid, in combination with all-trans retinoic acid is an effective inducer of differentiation of retinoic acid-resistant HL-60 cells

Masahiro Kizaki, Hideaki Nakajima, Shigehisa Mori, Tsuneaki Koike, Minoru Morikawa, Masatsugu Ohta, Masaki Saito, H. Phillip Koeffler, Yasuo Ikeda

研究成果: Article査読

34 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Recent studies have shown that a high proportion of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) achieve complete remission after treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (RA). Nevertheless, despite an initial good response, most patients that received continuous treatment with alltrans RA relapse and develop RA-resistant disease. The 9-cis RA is a high-affinity ligand for retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and also binds efficiently to retinoic acid receptors (RARs); all-trans RA is a ligand for RARs. Both alone are able to induce differentiation of wild-type HL-60 cells. We found that neither all-trans RA nor 9-cis RA (<2 × 10-6 mol/L) induced differentiation of RA-resistant HL-60 cells into either mature granulocytes or monocytes. However, morphologic differentiation of the RA-resistant HL-60 cells was induced by 10-6 mol/L all-trans RA combined with various concentrations (10-12 to 10-6 mol/L) of 9-cis RA. Electron microscopic examination also confirmed that the combination of both retinoids induced RA-resistant HL-60 cells to differentiate to mature granulocytes. Functional analysis of differentiation (NBT reduction activity) confirmed the necessity of both analogs to induce differentiation. Also, expression of myeloid-specific differentiation antigens (CD11b and CD14) as well as migration inhibitory factor-related protein (MRP)-8/14 mRNAs were upregulated only in the presence of both retinoids in a dose-dependent manner. In these conditions 3H-thymidine incorporation was inhibited and numbers of viable cells were decreased, suggesting that all-trans RA with 9-cis RA may inhibit cell growth and induce differentiation of RA-resistant HL-60 cells into mature granulocytes. These studies suggest that 9-cis RA in combination with all-trans RA is an effective inducer of RA-resistant HL-60 cells and may have implications for both the biology of retinoids and clinical treatment of RA-resistant acute myelogenous leukemia, including APL patients.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3289-3297
ページ数9
ジャーナルBlood
83
11
出版ステータスPublished - 1994 6月 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 免疫学
  • 血液学
  • 細胞生物学

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