Osteoprotegerin-dependent M cell self-regulation balances gut infection and immunity

Shunsuke Kimura, Yutaka Nakamura, Nobuhide Kobayashi, Katsuyuki Shiroguchi, Eiryo Kawakami, Mami Mutoh, Hiromi Takahashi-Iwanaga, Takahiro Yamada, Meri Hisamoto, Midori Nakamura, Nobuyuki Udagawa, Shintaro Sato, Tsuneyasu Kaisho, Toshihiko Iwanaga, Koji Hase

研究成果: Article査読

28 被引用数 (Scopus)


Microfold cells (M cells) are responsible for antigen uptake to initiate immune responses in the gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT). Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) is essential for M cell differentiation. Follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) covers the GALT and is continuously exposed to RANKL from stromal cells underneath the FAE, yet only a subset of FAE cells undergoes differentiation into M cells. Here, we show that M cells express osteoprotegerin (OPG), a soluble inhibitor of RANKL, which suppresses the differentiation of adjacent FAE cells into M cells. Notably, OPG deficiency increases M cell number in the GALT and enhances commensal bacterium-specific immunoglobulin production, resulting in the amelioration of disease symptoms in mice with experimental colitis. By contrast, OPG-deficient mice are highly susceptible to Salmonella infection. Thus, OPG-dependent self-regulation of M cell differentiation is essential for the balance between the infectious risk and the ability to perform immunosurveillance at the mucosal surface.

ジャーナルNature communications
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 12月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 一般
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)


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