Polyethylene glycol (PEG) was impregnated on a palladium metal supported on silica gel and used in a catalyst for hydrogenation of benzaldehydes. In the vapor-phase flow reaction, the PEG modification improved catalytic activity and selectivity for a partially hydrogenated product, benzyl alcohol. In isoprene hydrogenation, selectivity for partially hydrogenated products, monoenes, was also enhanced. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis of the modified catalysts revealed that the modification with PEG makes the palladium surface negatively charged, possibly leading to an increase in the selectivity for the partially hydrogenated product caused by enhancement of its desorption from the surface. In the liquid-phase hydrogenation of benzaldehyde, the PEG modification also increased the selectivity for benzyl alcohol.
ASJC Scopus subject areas