Dural sinus malformation (DSM) is a rare paediatric vascular malformation characterised by abnormal dilation of the posterior dural sinus. Owing to its rarity, the pathophysiology of DSM has not been fully elucidated. We report a case of prenatally diagnosed DSM with an unusual clinical course. We detected DSM in a male foetus in the 26th week of gestation by using foetal ultrasonography. Although the DSM regressed during the foetal stage and the arteriovenous shunt was insignificant in the neonate, the shunt rapidly developed four months after birth. The neonate also had postnatal de novo brainstem cavernous malformation (CM), which also developed rapidly, supposedly due to the aggravated venous hypertension resulting from the DSM. We successfully treated the aggravated shunts by endovascular transarterial and transvenous embolisation six times over two years and, subsequently, the clinical condition and the size of the brainstem CM became stable. The DSM and CM seemed to have a metameric origin. Such aberrant cases could help to further the understanding of DSM.
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