Purpose: No study has investigated the clinical and radiographic risk factors for the deterioration of quality of life (QOL) beyond 6 months after osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF). The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors associated with poor QOL improvement after OVF. Methods: This post hoc analysis included 166 women aged 65–85 years with acute 1-level OVFs. For the patient-reported outcome measures, scores on the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) scale, and visual analogue scale (VAS) for low back pain were used. Lateral radiography at 0, 12, and 48 weeks and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at enrollment and at 48 weeks were performed. The associations between baseline variables with change scores for EQ-5D were investigated using a multiple linear regression model. Results: Univariate analysis showed that time since fracture, EQ-5D score, and VAS for low back pain at 0 week showed significant association with increased EQ-5D score from 0 to 48 weeks. According to the multiple regression analysis, the following equation was obtained: increased EQ-5D score from 0 to 48 weeks = 1.305 – 0.978 × EQ-5D at 0 week – 0.021 × VAS for low back pain at 0 week – 0.006 × age + (fluid-intensity T2-weighted MR image patterns: − 0.037, except for fluid-intensity T2-weighted MR image patterns: + 0.037).
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