Prognostic role of the innate immune signature CD163 and “eat me” signal calreticulin in clear cell renal cell carcinoma

Tadatsugu Anno, Nobuyuki Tanaka, Kimiharu Takamatsu, Kyohei Hakozaki, Ryohei Kufukihara, Yuto Baba, Toshikazu Takeda, Kazuhiro Matsumoto, Shinya Morita, Takeo Kosaka, Shuji Mikami, Hiroshi Nishihara, Ryuichi Mizuno, Mototsugu Oya

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

The effects of the innate immune status on patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) currently remain unknown. We herein provided more extensive information about the inner landscape of immunobiology of ccRCC. In total, 260 ccRCC samples from three different cohorts consisting of 213 primary tumors and 47 metastases were obtained. We focused on five representative innate immune signatures, CD68, CD163, the “eat me” signal calreticulin, the “don't eat me” signal CD47, and signal regulatory protein α, and examined the role of each signature by quantitative immunohistochemistry. We then conducted an integrated genome mutation analysis by next-generation sequencing. Among the five markers, high CD163 and low calreticulin expression levels were prognostic in ccRCC. The application of a new risk model based on CD163 and calreticulin levels, named the innate immune risk group (high risk: high-CD163/low calreticulin, intermediate risk: high-CD163/high calreticulin or low CD163/low calreticulin, low risk: low-CD163/high calreticulin), enabled the sequential stratification of patient prognosis and malignancy. Although organ-specific differences were observed, metastases appeared to have a higher innate immune risk, particularly in the lungs, with 50% of ccRCC metastases being classified into the high-risk group according to our risk score. An analysis of genomic alterations based on the innate immune risk group revealed that alterations in the TP53/Cell cycle pathway were highly prevalent in high-risk ccRCC patients according to two innate immune signatures CD163 and calreticulin. The present results provide insights into the immune-genomic biology of ccRCC tumors for innate immunity and will contribute to future therapies focused on the innate immune system in solid cancers.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1779-1788
ページ数10
ジャーナルCancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
72
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2023 6月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 免疫アレルギー学
  • 免疫学
  • 腫瘍学
  • 癌研究

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