Migraine sufferers often exhibit photophobia and physical hypoactivity in the postdrome and interictal periods, for which no effective therapy currently exists. Cortical spreading depolarization (CSD) is a neural phenomenon underlying migraine aura. We previously reported that CSD induced trigeminal sensitization, photophobia, and hypomobility at 24 h in mice. Here, we examined the effects of CSD induction on light sensitivity and physical activity in mice at 48 h and 72 h. Trigeminal sensitization was absent at both time points. CSD-subjected mice exhibited significantly less ambulatory time in both light (P = 0.0074, the Bonferroni test) and dark (P = 0.0354, the Bonferroni test) zones than sham-operated mice at 72 h. CSD-subjected mice also exhibited a significantly shorter ambulatory distance in the light zone at 72 h than sham-operated mice (P = 0.0151, the Bonferroni test). Neurotropin® is used for the management of chronic pain disorders, mainly in Asian countries. The CSD-induced reductions in ambulatory time and distance in the light zone at 72 h were reversed by Neurotropin® at 0.27 NU/kg. Our experimental model seems to recapitulate migraine-associated clinical features observed in the postdrome and interictal periods. Moreover, Neurotropin® may be effective in ameliorating postdromal/interictal hypoactivity, especially in a light environment.
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