RCAI-17, 22, 24-26, 29, 31, 34-36, 38-40, and 88, the analogs of KRN7000 (1) with a sulfonamide linkage instead of an amide bond, were synthesized to examine their bioactivity for mouse natural killer (NK) T cells. RCAI-17, 22, 24-26, 29, 31, 34-36, and 88 are the aromatic sulfonamide analogs, while RCAI-39 and 40 are the aliphatic ones. RCAI-38 is a C-galactoside analog of RCAI-26, which is the p-toluenesulfonamide analog of KRN7000. According to their bioassay, these sulfonamide analogs were shown to be the stimulants of mouse NKT cells to induce the production of Th2-biased cytokines in vitro, while RCAI-38 did not induce any cytokine production.
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