Elderly patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) have a poor prognosis. Owing to treatment-related toxicities, there is no standard chemotherapy for the elderly patients, especially those aged 70 years or older. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of reduced-dose (two-thirds) R-CHOP chemotherapy as an initial chemotherapy for 45 patients aged 70 years or older with B-cell NHL. The WHO classification of NHL included diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (31), mantle cell lymphoma (5), follicular lymphoma (4), extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (1), Burkitt lymphoma (1), and B-cell lymphoma whose further types were unclassified (3). The incidences of grade 4 neutropenia and febrile neutropenia (FN) were 51.1 and 15.6%, respectively. Efficacy was evaluated in patients with DLBCL. The overall and complete response (CR) rates were 96.7 and 90.0%, respectively. Two-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 84.4 and 89.2%, respectively. There was no treatment-related mortality. In conclusion, two-thirds R-CHOP chemotherapy is a promising treatment for elderly patients with B-cell NHL in terms of its efficacy and toxicity.
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