Objective: This study aims to indicate whether the CT value of the mesorectum could be correlated with the incidence of anastomotic leakage (AL) in laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer. Methods: The study subjects included 173 patients who underwent laparoscopic anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer from September 2005 to 2016 in our institution as well as reliable contrastenhanced CT preoperatively. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the correlation between surgical outcomes, including AL and CT value of the mesorectum. Results: AL was observed in 30 (17.3%) patients. Amongst short-term surgical outcomes, overall complication showed significant correlation with the CT value of the mesorectum (P = 0.003). In addition, AL was the only factor, which significantly correlated with the CT value of the mesorectum (P = 0.017). By plotting receiver operating characteristic curve, -75 HU was the threshold of the CT value of the mesorectum for predicting AL with an area under the curve of 0.772. Categorized into two groups as per the threshold, low group showed significantly higher incidence of AL (OR, 2.738; 95% CI, 1.105-6.788; P = 0.030) as well as whole complications (OR, 4.431; 95%CI, 1.912-10.266; P = 0.001). Conclusion: The CT value of the mesorectum may be a helpful preoperative radiological biomarker to predict AL after LAR for rectal cancer.
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