Purpose: A treatment device without a stent is needed for peripheral stenotic artery treatment. We have proposed short-term heating balloon angioplasty, photo-thermo dynamic balloon angioplasty (PTDBA). Though smooth muscle cells (SMCs) after PTDBA are fixed in a stretched formation in a porcine model, influences of this stimulus on SMCs have not been investigated. SMC migration after vascular dilatation would be related to chronic restenosis. The aim of this study was to examine respiratory activity and recovery ability of SMCs after short-term heating/stretch-fixing in vitro for chronic phase treatment effect discussion. Methods: SMCs on a stretch chamber were heated for 15 s with stretching and fixed in a stretched formation. SMC migration is correlated with the cell respiratory activity. The amount of ATP production was measured using a WST-8 assay for respiratory activity evaluation. The intracellular expression of heat shock protein 70 was measured by an ELISA for recovery ability evaluation. Results: In the case of 60 °C heating, SMC respiratory activity after short-term heating/stretch-fixing decreased drastically in all stretching rates. In the case of 50 °C heating, SMC respiratory activity decreased and then increased. Alternatively, the recovery ability at 60 °C was greater than that at 50 °C. Conclusions: SMCs heated at 60 °C with stretching would have high recovery ability and low respiratory activity related to SMC migration. These results may be important evidence in determining the treatment condition in PTDBA.
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