Reversible Assembly of an Artificial Protein Nanocage Using Alkaline Earth Metal Ions

Naoya Ohara, Norifumi Kawakami, Ryoichi Arai, Naruhiko Adachi, Toshio Moriya, Masato Kawasaki, Kenji Miyamoto

研究成果: Article査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)


Protein nanocages are of increasing interest for use as drug capsules, but the encapsulation and release of drug molecules at appropriate times require the reversible association and dissociation of the nanocages. One promising approach to addressing this challenge is the design of metal-dependent associating proteins. Such designed proteins typically have Cys or His residues at the protein surface for connecting the associating proteins through metal-ion coordination. However, Cys and His residues favor interactions with soft and borderline metal ions, such as Au+ and Zn2+, classified by the hard and soft acids and bases concept, restricting the types of metal ions available to drive association. Here, we show the alkaline earth (AE) metal-dependent association of the recently designed artificial protein nanocage TIP60, which is composed of 60-mer fusion proteins. The introduction of a Glu (hard base) mutation to the fusion protein (K67E mutant) prevented the formation of the 60-mer but formed the expected cage structure in the presence of Ca, Sr, or Ba ions (hard acids). Cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM) analysis indicated a Ba ion at the interface of the subunits. Furthermore, we demonstrated the encapsulation and release of single-stranded DNA molecules using this system. Our results provide insights into the design of AE metal-dependent association and dissociation mechanisms for proteins.

ジャーナルJournal of the American Chemical Society
出版ステータスPublished - 2023 1月 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 触媒
  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学
  • コロイド化学および表面化学


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