Rocuronium versus saline for effective facemask ventilation during anesthesia induction: a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial

Akira Ide, Natsuko Nozaki-Taguchi, Shin Sato, Kei Saito, Yasunori Sato, Shiroh Isono

研究成果: Article査読


Background: Mask ventilation progressively improves after loss of consciousness during anesthesia induction possibly due to progression of muscle paralysis. This double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled study aimed to test a hypothesis that muscle paralysis improves mask ventilation during anesthesia induction. Methods: Forty-four adults patients including moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea undergoing scheduled surgeries under elective general anesthesia participated in this study. Randomly-determined test drug either rocuronium or saline was blinded to the patient and anesthesia provider. One-handed mask ventilation with an anesthesia ventilator providing a constant driving pressure and respiratory rate (15 breaths per minute) was performed during anesthesia induction, and changes of capnogram waveform and tidal volume were assessed for one minute. The needed breaths for achieving plateaued-capnogram (primary variable) within 15 consecutive breaths were compared between the test drugs. Results: Measurements were successful in 38 participants. Twenty-one and seventeen patients were allocated into saline and rocuronium respectively. The number of breaths achieving plateaued capnogram did not differ between the saline (95% C.I.: 6.2 to 12.8 breaths) and rocuronium groups (95% C.I.: 5.6 to 12.7 breaths) (p = 0.779). Mean tidal volume changes from breath 1 was significantly greater in rocuronium group than saline group (95% C.I.: 0.56 to 0.99 versus 3.51 to 4.53 ml kg-IBW−1, p = 0.006). Significantly more patients in rocuronium group (94%) achieved tidal volume greater than 5 mg kg-ideal body weight−1 within one minute than those in saline group (62%) (p = 0.026). Presence of obstructive sleep apnea did not affect effectiveness of rocuronium for improvement of tidal volume during one-handed mask ventilation. Conclusions: Use of rocuronium facilitates tidal volume improvement during one-handed mask ventilation even in patients with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea. Trial registration: The clinical trial was registered at (05/12/2013, UMIN000012495):

ジャーナルBMC Anesthesiology
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 12月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 麻酔学および疼痛医療


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