Serum metabolomics reveals γ-glutamyl dipeptides as biomarkers for discrimination among different forms of liver disease

Tomoyoshi Soga, Masahiro Sugimoto, Masashi Honma, Masayo Mori, Kaori Igarashi, Kasumi Kashikura, Satsuki Ikeda, Akiyoshi Hirayama, Takehito Yamamoto, Haruhiko Yoshida, Motoyuki Otsuka, Shoji Tsuji, Yutaka Yatomi, Tadayuki Sakuragawa, Hisayoshi Watanabe, Kouei Nihei, Takafumi Saito, Sumio Kawata, Hiroshi Suzuki, Masaru TomitaMakoto Suematsu

研究成果: Article査読

203 被引用数 (Scopus)


Background & Aims: We applied a metabolome profiling approach to serum samples obtained from patients with different liver diseases, to discover noninvasive and reliable biomarkers for rapid-screening diagnosis of liver diseases. Methods: Using capillary electrophoresis and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, we analyzed low molecular weight metabolites in a total of 248 serum samples obtained from patients with nine types of liver disease and healthy controls. Results: We found that γ-glutamyl dipeptides, which were biosynthesized through a reaction with γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase, were indicative of the production of reduced glutathione, and that measurement of their levels could distinguish among different liver diseases. Multiple logistic regression models facilitated the discrimination between specific and other liver diseases and yielded high areas under receiver-operating characteristic curves. The area under the curve values in training and independent validation data were 0.952 and 0.967 in healthy controls, 0.817 and 0.849 in drug-induced liver injury, 0.754 and 0.763 in asymptomatic hepatitis B virus infection, 0.820 and 0.762 in chronic hepatitis B, 0.972 and 0.895 in hepatitis C with persistently normal alanine transaminase, 0.917 and 0.707 in chronic hepatitis C, 0.803 and 0.993 in cirrhosis type C, and 0.762 and 0.803 in hepatocellular carcinoma, respectively. Several γ-glutamyl dipeptides also manifested potential for differentiating between nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and simple steatosis. Conclusions: γ-Glutamyl dipeptides are novel biomarkers for liver diseases, and varying levels of individual or groups of these peptides have the power to discriminate among different forms of hepatic disease.

ジャーナルJournal of Hepatology
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 10月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 肝臓学


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